Imam Ali Al-Ridha (A.S)
- Name: Ali(as)
- Title: Al-Reda
- Kunyat: Abu Mohammad
- Born: On Friday, 11th of Thul Al-Qida, 148 AH, in Medina, Arabia
- Father: The Seventh Imam Musa Al-Kathum(as)
- Mother: Umme Al-Sayyidah Najmah
- Date of death: 29th Safar 203 AH, at the age of 55 years old.
- Cause of Death: Murdered by poisoning by Mamoun Ibin Harroun Al-Abbassi
- Buried: In Meshad, northern Iran.
The Eighth Holy Imam Ali Al-Reda(as) child of the Imam Musa AI-Kharthom(as) and AI-Sayyidah Najmah.
He passed on, by harming blended in his organic product by Mamoon.
His body was set up for internment by his child the Imam Mohammad AI-Jawad(as) and he was covered in Meshad, Khorasan in Iran, where his sanctum stands now.
It is unnecessary to talk about his accomplishments in huge information, righteousness, respectability, liberality, moral consummations, humbleness, and love of Allah (SWT).
Mamoon Al-Abbassi, at that point the Calipha solicited him to assume responsibility from the organization of the Muslim government yet he didn’t acknowledge it since he realized that things won’t go the manner in which he loved them to go.
It was much the same as the instance of his incredible granddad the Imam Ali Ibin Abe Taleb(as) who didn’t acknowledge the post of authority with the condition set by the direction that he should run the administration as indicated by the book of Allah (SWT), the conventions of The Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the approaches of the two past Caliphas Abu Bakir and Umar Al-Khattab.
Imam Ali(as) couldn’t obviously and didn’t acknowledge such an offer yet Uthman acknowledged it. Thus he was selected the third Calipha, over Imam Ali(as)!
At the point when the eighth Imam didn’t acknowledge the post of the authority of the Muslim government, Mamoon then requested that he be his replacement and the Imam acknowledged it with the condition that he won’t be approached to partake in any administrative errand during the existence time of Mamoon.
Since essentially, Mamoon’s administration arrangements were totally contrary to Islam standards and the lessons of The Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).
A few instances of his immense information became exposed when Mamoon welcomed the researchers of various ways of thinking to go to a class of discussion over the religious issues and matters of the conventions of confidence.
For his love, he would keep awake for a long time and read the entire book of Holy Koran in a little more than three days. Frequently he would quick and furthermore ask a thousand petitions in twenty-four hours.
He was extremely liberal to everybody, particularly poor people. He would help the penniless during the night with the goal that nobody would remember him.
He never did any unfairness to any one in words or deeds. He was not boisterously spoken but rather consistently talked delicately with an obliging way and was sincere with everybody. He generally sat courteously and never slumped in the nearness of others. He would call all the individuals from his family and hirelings to eat or lunch together.
Imam Rida (Ali ibn Musa) was the child of the child of the seventh Imam and as per notable records was conceived in 148/765 and passed on in 203/817. The eighth Imam had reached the imamate, after the passing of his dad, through Divine Command and the pronouncement of his progenitors. The time of his imamate matched with the caliphate of Harun and afterward his children Amin and Ma’mun. After the passing of his dad, Ma’mun fell into a struggle with his sibling Amin, which prompted grisly wars lastly the death of Amin, after which Ma’mun became caliph. Until that day the arrangement of the Abbasid caliphate toward the Shi’ites had been progressively brutal and unfeeling. From time to time, one of the supporters of Ali (‘Alawis) would revolt, causing ridiculous wars and uprisings which were of extraordinary trouble and ramification for the caliphate.
The Shi’ite Imams would not help out the individuals who completed these uprisings and would not meddle with their issues. The Shi’ites of that day, who involved a significant populace, kept on considering the Imams as their strict pioneers to whom submission was required and had confidence in them as the genuine caliphs of the Holy Prophet. They believed the caliphate to be a long way from the sacrosanct authority of their Imams, for the caliphate had come to appear to be progressively similar to the courts of the Persian rulers and Roman sovereigns and was being controlled by a gathering of individuals more inspired by common guideline than in the exacting utilization of strict standards. The continuation of such a circumstance was perilous for the structure of the caliphate and was a genuine danger to it.
Ma’mun thought of finding another answer for these challenges which the seventy-year-old approach of his Abbasid antecedents had not had the option to comprehend. To achieve this end he picked the eighth Imam as his replacement, trusting thusly to defeat two troubles: as a matter of first importance to keep the relatives of the Prophet from opposing the legislature since they would be engaged with the administration themselves, and furthermore, to make the individuals lose their otherworldly conviction and internal connection to the Imams. This would be cultivated by having the Imams gotten engaged in common issues and the governmental issues of the caliphate itself, which had consistently been considered by the Shi’ite to be abhorrent and sullied. Thusly their strict association would disintegrate and they would not, at this point present any risks to the caliphate. Clearly, subsequent to achieving these finishes, the evacuation of the Imam would introduce no troubles to the Abbasids.
So as to have this choice put into impact, Ma’mun requested that the Imam come to Marw from Medina. When he had shown up there, Ma’mun offered him first the caliphate and afterward the progression to the caliphate. The Imam made his expressions of remorse and turned down the proposition, however, he was at last incited to acknowledge the replacement transport, with the condition that he would not meddle in legislative undertakings or in the arrangement or excusal of government operators.
This occasion happened in 200/814. However, soon Ma’mun understood that he had submitted a mistake, for there was a fast spread of Shi’ism, a development in the connection of the masses to the Imam and a bewildering gathering given to the Imam by the individuals and even by the military and government specialists. Ma’mun tried to discover a solution for this trouble and had the Imam harmed and martyred. After his passing, the Imam was covered in the city of Tus in Iran, which is currently called Mashhad.
Ma’mun showed incredible enthusiasm for having deals with the scholarly sciences converted into Arabic. He composed social occasions in which researchers of various religions and organizations amassed and completed logical and insightful discussions. The eighth Imam additionally took an interest in these congregations and participated in the conversations with researchers of different religions. A significant number of these discussions are recorded in the assortments of Shi’ite hadiths.